Broomfield is a rural village and former mining town 3 km north-east of Creswick, immediately north of the Creswick State Forest.

Like its neighbour, Allendale, Broomfield grew rapidly when deep lead gold mining was developed during the 1880s. Prior to then it was a village with a school (1873), a church and a small amount of mining dating from when gold was first discovered there in May 1872. That discovery led to the opening of the Spring Hill leads, one of the world's richest deep alluvial gold fields.

Broomfield was apparently named after an early resident, and it was also known as Wallacetown during its period of peak activity. In the mid-1880s there were three churches, three hotels and a railway station on the line between Creswick and Daylesford (1887-1976). The population was put at 1200 persons in the Victorian municipal directory.

Broomfield was at the southern end of the leads which ran generally north-west, and the decline in local mining and the township is evident from the description in 1903 in the Australian handbook:

By 1920 there were fewer than 150 people in Broomfield. The school was closed in 1948 and reopened in 1951 with ten children. The date of its final closure is unrecorded.

Broomfield has a scattering of buildings, including its last commercial building, the Wallace Hotel. There is a monument at the cross roads marking the 1872 gold discovery.

Broomfield's census populations were:

census date population
1901 482
1921 138
1961 74
2011 411

Further Reading

Charles Fahey, The Berry Deep Leads: an historical assessment, Dept of Conservation, Forests and Lands, 1986

J.H.W. McGeorge, Buried rivers of gold, the author, 1966

Lester Tropman and Associates et al, Creswick Shire heritage study, Creswick Shire, 1990