The Latrobe Valley in Gippsland has been described as the Ruhr of Australia. Open cut mines covering hundreds of acres scar the valley. Extensive urban areas, Morwell, Traralgon, Moe-Newborough-Yallourn North, and Churchill fringe the industrial developments. Power stations, with their ever present exhaust plumes dominate the landscape.
Extensive deposits of brown coal underlie a basin lying between the Great Dividing Range in the north and the Strzelecki Ranges in the south.