Maryborough is a rural city 140 km north-west of Melbourne, situated towards the west of the rich Victorian goldfields region that includes Ballarat, Castlemaine and Bendigo.
Maryborough is on the Pyrenees Highway and is the intersection of railway lines from Castlemaine to Avoca and from Ballarat to Inglewood. None is a main or trunk transport corridor. Maryborough was founded on a gold field and has agricultural land of average quality.
Prior to the discovery of gold the Maryborough region was the Charlotte Plains pastoral run taken up by the Simson brothers.