Strathbogie Shire (1994-) is in north-east Victoria. Its administrative centre, Euroa, is on the Hume Freeway and is 130 km from Melbourne.
The shire was named after the Strathbogie Ranges/Tableland which form an arc beginning south of Violet Town and ending east of Seymour. The ranges were named after the Strathbogie pastoral run (1843) and the foothills provide good sheep grazing country. Their more hilly recesses, however, were a notorious hiding place for the Kelly gang of bushrangers, and the name is best known for the outlaw association.