Barnawartha is a rural township on the Melbourne to Sydney road (Hume Highway) where it is crossed by the Indigo Creek. It is 20 km west of Wodonga in north-eastern Victoria.

In 1837 a pastoral run along much of the Indigo Creek was taken up and given a name similar to Barnawartha. It is thought that the name is derived from an Aboriginal word, variously recorded as meaning tall rushes, parting of the storms or deaf and dumb.

A settlement formed and was known for a short time as Indigo Crossing until replaced by the present name during the 1840s.

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