Rosebrook is a rural locality in western Victoria, 4 km north-east of Port Fairy.

In 1847 a steam flour mill was opened at Rosebrook beside the Moyne River to process locally grown wheat for Port Fairy. The flour mill was a substantial bluestone structure with an expected long life, but by the early 1880s the Victorian municipal directory recorded that Rosebrook had 'of recent years fallen into decay', with a state school and one church. The Directory's view was premature, however, as in 1888 the flour mill was converted to a cheese and butter factory, and in 1896 it also produced concentrated milk. The Koroit-Port Fairy railway line (1890-1977) had a station at Rosebrook. Nothing now remains of the mill, although some of its bluestone was used for church building in the 1950s.

Rosebrook was described in the 1903 Australian handbook:

Rosebrook school closed in 1949 when a consolidated school was opened in Port Fairy. Rosebrook's census populations have been:

Census Date Population
1891 132
1911 302
1961 89
2011 311*

*and Killarney

Further Reading

Pamela M. Marriott, A shamrock beneath the Southern Cross: an history of the Shire of Belfast, Warrnambool, 1988