Vaughan, a former gold mining township, is on the Loddon River and is 12 km south of Castlemaine. It is agricultural, but partly surrounded by a State forest, and is about 100 km north-west of Melbourne.

Gold was discovered at Vaughan in 1853 as fossickers spread from the Castlemaine-Mount Alexander goldfield. The name was given as a compliment to Charles Vaughan, a pastoralist and Member of the Legislative Council for the Western Province, 1856-64.

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